How does tartar start?

Tartar occurs when plaque is not removed properly/insufficiently within 24 to 48 hours. Due to the reaction of minerals from saliva, the plaque hardens and can no longer be removed with a toothbrush. Plaque easily adheres to the rough surface of the tartar. Tartar does not always have to be visible above the gum line, but can also attach itself below the gum. This increases the risk of inflammation of the gums (gingivitis/periodontitis). It is important that the dentist or dental hygienist regularly removes tartar.

The development of caries.

Tooth decay/cavities (caries) is caused by insufficient removal of plaque and by frequent use of, among other things, sugars that are processed in foods. The sugars are converted into acids by bacteria in the plaque. These acids affect the enamel and cavities can occur in both the enamel (1) and in the underlying soft dentin/dentin (2). The damage can even extend into the even deeper tissue (3 and 4) .
  • Enamel caries (1)
  • Dentin caries (2)
  • Pulpitis (3)
  • Periodontitis (4)